The High-Frequency Conspiracy
The book does a tremendous job parsing the events that occurred in the last five years that allowed our equity markets to be overrun by computer programs, and why that "franken monster" is robbing you every time you decide to put in an order for any stock, particularly the largest cap, highest volume stocks traded on the major exchanges.
The few firms that control the vast majority of high-speed, high-volume trading programs all pay a premium to gain the edge that they use to siphon off milli-cents from every trade that every retail and institutional customer,
Broken Markets outlines the conspiracy that has emerged between those firms looking for the quickest access to the electronic nexus of trade and the rebates and incentives that exchanges have delivered to entice these black boxes in.
I don't use the word conspiracy lightly, but conspiracy is what it is. In the for-profit model that emerged for exchanges in the last half of the last decade, volume and the fight for volume growth has been the lone priority for those equity exchanges.
In that battle, they have delivered to a small but powerful group of HFT traders an undeniable number of advantages in trading including rebates and "first looks," as well as accommodations in dark pools and large block orders.
To get a full understanding of all of these practices and how they work, please read the book -- but the bottom line is that every investor who decides to engage in the stock markets today is doing it and in effect "paying for the privilege" to these HFT firms -- they literally haven't had a losing day in years.
The destruction of investor confidence in this flim-flamming is obvious, what has been less obvious has been the destruction of a fantastic financial services industry in the process: For years, being a stock broker or asset manager or trader in institutional sales was a career worth aspiring to, and a proud one. The rush to HFT by the exchanges has destroyed this industry and destroyed the reputations of those left remaining.