Energy Pipeline Funds Can Gush Rich Yields
Popular vehicles include ALPS Alerian MLP (AMLP) , an exchange-traded fund, which had inflows of $2.4 billion this year, according to IndexUniverse.com. JPMorgan Alerian MLP Index (AMJ) , an exchange-traded note, collected $1.3 billion before it stopped accepting more inflows.
But following the presidential election, the enthusiasm has waned. MLP shares slipped along with the S&P 500 as investors worried about possible tax changes. In the past month, Credit Suisse MLP Index ETN (MLPN) lost 3.3%.
Could higher taxes hurt MLP shares? Perhaps. Earlier this year, the Obama administration released a proposal to broaden the tax base by changing corporate tax rules. The changes would slap MLPs with a new layer of taxes.
But it seems likely the market has been overreacting to potential threats. MLPs were given tax advantages to encourage construction of energy facilities. At a time when both parties support energy independence, it seems unlikely that Congress would impose special burdens on infrastructure companies.
Even if Washington hurts MLPs, they are likely to remain sound choices because of their security. Once a company establishes a pipeline, it enjoys a near-monopoly status. Competitors seeking to build nearby often fail to obtain the necessary permits.
The revenues of MLPs tend to be steady because of the way the business is structured. In typical deals, MLPs charge oil companies for the right to use pipelines. Charges are based on the volume shipped -- not the price of the energy. So as long as energy use increases, MLPs can record greater revenues.
"Even during the financial crisis in 2008, the pipeline cash flows increased," says Jeremy Held, director of research of ALPS.
With demand for energy projected to climb steadily, pipelines should increase revenues for years to come. Government regulations add a layer of protection for pipeline owners. Under the rules, the MLPs can charge prices that are set by regulators. The prices rise annually to account for inflation.
Abby Woodham, a Morningstar analyst, recommends JPMorgan Alerian MLP Index, which yields 4.9%. Since it was launched in 2009, the ETN has grown to $4.8 billion in assets, ranking as the largest entrant in the field. Because of its size and popularity, the ETN is liquid and easy to trade, she says.
Woodham says the JPMorgan investment does come with some special risks because it is an ETN. With a traditional mutual fund or ETF, investors own a stake in a pool of assets. But investors in an ETN only receive a pledge from the manager to provide returns equal to an index.