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Prepare for a Corporate Earnings Slowdown With Stocks

Tickers in this article: JPM ADBE HAL

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Since the recession, investors haven't had to worry about U.S. corporate earnings growth, even if unemployment, Federal Reserve policy and a European sovereign debt spiral provided plenty of room for nervousness.

Deep into first quarter earnings season, U.S. companies are once again showing resilience and beating estimates. But amid the recent and sobering jobs reports, quixotic Fed messages, negative dispatches from Europe, and this past week's stock market swoon, it may be time for investors to question whether U.S. corporate earnings -- the lynchpin of an S&P 500 Index recovery from March 2009 lows -- will stall in 2012 and 2013.

Recent comments from top investors and strategists signal a corporate earnings slowdown is coming.

Deutsche Bank got the S&P 500 all wrong in 2011. Now, that may make the bank ahead of the curve in forecasting earnings growth.

Deutsche Bank, the biggest S&P 500 bull of 2011, and ValueAct Capital, a prominent activist hedge fund, both presented reasons why a U.S. earnings slowdown may be imminent in 2012 and 2013.

Their comments don't just counter the post-crisis drumbeat of strong earnings that drove recovering markets and outweighed a myriad of economic uncertainties like 8%-plus unemployment : the investors present a way to navigate what may be a new stock market reality.

"Having recovered from cyclically depressed levels, S&P 500 EPS earnings per share growth will be much slower than 2009-2011," wrote Deutsche Bank strategist David Bianco in a note this past Friday detailing the firm's outlook for the S&P 500. "Most sectors should deliver mid-cycle normal EPS in 2012 with the exception of Energy and Financials. We expect Energy to significantly over earn in 2012 and its EPS to decline in 2013. We expect Financials to under earn in 2012."

For Deutsche Bank, the biggest bull during a flat year for the S&P, the comments are noteworthy because their 2011 blown call had little to do with a misforecast of corporate earnings, but instead, a misread of economic headwinds like U.S. political gridlock and the intensification of a European debt crisis midway through the year.

While S&P 500 earnings grew 15% to $97 per share in 2011, markets were flat because the earnings multiple that investors were willing to pay fell roughly 13% to 13 times earnings -- below Deutsche Bank's beginning of year forecast of a 16.4 price-to-earnings multiple. Still, Deutsche Bank sees the S&P rising roughly 8% in 2012 to 1475, because today's multiple may already price in more than just a slowing to single digit earnings growth. The 13x multiple suggests investor fear of a drastic earnings slowdown or even an earnings decline.

In fact, S&P gains may be more reliant on a rising earnings multiple in 2012, a part of the market recovery that's underperformed in recent years. Meanwhile, investors who sold shares in recent weeks on weaker than expected GDP and employment figures may be focusing on the wrong signals. "The upside surprises in many US economic reports, such as housing starts and retail sales, have reduced recession risk, but will not lead to faster EPS growth as these segments of GDP have limited influence on S&P 500 EPS," notes Bianco.