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Stocks Slump Before Earnings Season Begins

Tickers in this article: AAPL AMAT BAC CMC ILMN NSM NVDA QCOM ^DJI ^GSPC ^IXIC

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Major U.S. stock averages slumped after a run-up Friday in which the S&P 500 rose to a new closing high.

Investors paused before the start of the earnings season. Excitement over the "fiscal cliff" deal has faded with the next leg of the battle over the country's financial future about to begin.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average shed 51 points, or 0.38%, to 13,384.

Breadth was negative, with losers outnumbering winners 18 to 12. The most prominent blue-chip decliners by percentages were Walt Disney ( DIS) , Travelers ( TRV) , Boeing( BA) and Alcoa(AA) .

Bank of America (BAC) shares slipped 0.25%. The bank announced that it has reached a $10 billion settlement with Fannie Mae to resolve agency mortgage repurchase claims on loans originated and sold directly to Fannie Mae through Dec. 31, 2008.

Nationstar Mortgage (NSM) shares surged by 16.9% after the company announced it is buying about $215 billion in mortgage servicing assets from Bank of America.

Advancers included Verizon(VZ) , McDonald's ( MCD) and AT&T(T) .

The S&P 500 was down 5 points, or 0.31%, at 1,462. The Nasdaq lost 3 points, or 0.09%, to 3,099.

Apple(AAPL) shares fell 0.54% after Barclays cut its share price target.

All sectors, except health care, sank, led lower by consumer cyclicals, energy and utilities.

Volumes were at 3.27 billion shares on the New York Stock Exchange and 1.69 billion shares on the Nasdaq. Decliners were outpacing advancers 1.2-to-1 on the Big Board and 1.3-to-1 on the Nasdaq.

"With the beginning of earnings season this week, investors will be looking closely at company commentary in light of the recent fiscal cliff crisis and the upcoming debt ceiling fight," said Mike Simmons, managing director and partner at HighTower's Simmons Wilkes Investment Advisors. "The debt ceiling debate will be one of the major determinants of market performance in coming weeks."

Earnings season unofficially begins with Alcoa's(AA) fourth-quarter earnings report on Tuesday.

No major U.S. economic data releases were expected on Monday.

On Friday, major U.S. stock averages ticked higher after upbeat December jobs and services-sector growth reports.

The U.S. macro calendar will be relatively light this week. However, Federal Reserve officials are expected to make a number of speeches. Bank of America economists expect the doves to reiterate a need for additional accommodation amid a subpar recovery.

Rocky White, senior quantitative analyst at Schaeffer's Investment Research, said to pay attention to how the market performs this month because January is a good indicator for the calendar year.

"If the Dow is up 3.5% or more in January, the rest of the year averages a gain of 11.15%," said White. "If the Dow loses at least 3.5% in January, it averages a gain of just 0.32%."