China Reports Surging Trade Deficit
Exports grew 18.4% over a year earlier to $114.5 billion, up from a 0.5% contraction in January, when factories were idled for a two-week holiday break, customs data showed Saturday. Imports jumped 39.6% to $145.9 billion, reviving after the previous month's 15% decline.
China's global trade deficit was $31.5 billion -- the biggest since at least the 1990s and a rare exception to a recent string of multibillion-dollar surpluses.
The deficit reflected China's relatively strong growth amid Europe's debt crisis and U.S. economic troubles. The economy expanded by 8.9% in the final quarter of 2011 and the government's growth target this year is 7.5%.
But a broader measure, combining February's strong showing with the January slump, showed growth in both imports and exports decelerating markedly.
January-February export growth slowed to 6.9% over the same two-month period last year, barely half of December's 13.4% rate. Imports for the two months rose 7.7%, down from December's 11.8%.
Analysts look at the combined period to offset the impact of the Lunar New Year, which comes at different times in January or February each year, distorting trade figures as producers rush to fill orders before closing for two weeks or more.
Chinese demand for oil, iron ore, other commodities and industrial components has cooled as export-driven factories see orders fall and Beijing tries to steer its overheated expansion to a sustainable level.
China often records a trade deficit for one month early in the year as factories restock after the holiday, but rarely as large as February's. Last year, the only monthly deficit was $7.3 billion in February, while surpluses hit a high of $31.5 billion in July.
January's trade declines were the sharpest since the 2008 global crisis.