JPMorgan's Dimon Says He Couldn't Spot 'London Whale'
In his statement, Dimon says that the CIO units traders did not have the "requisite understanding of the risks they took," causing them to conclude that losses starting in March and through early April were a result of anomalous market movements and would later reverse. However, after losses escalated in April after Bloomberg first reported on the size of the unit, JPMorgan was forced to disclose its multi-billion loss midway through the second quarter.
The bank also reported that a change to methodologies to calculate the unit's risk - known as value at risk or VaR - were done with poor monitoring. In disclosing its loss, JPMorgan returned to old VaR models, which showed a near doubling of risk at the unit. Dimon will also testify that changing personnel added to bad judgment and poor risk monitoring of the CIO's traders. "Risk committee structures and processes in CIO were not as formal or robust as they should have been," Dimon will testify. Those lapses in control extend to the banks top ranks.
In his statement, Dimon didn't say whether he was aware of the CIO's losses prior to an April 13 conference call where he called reports of the unit's trading position and its London Whale trader as a "tempest in a teapot."
"CIO, particularly the synthetic credit portfolio, should have gotten more scrutiny from both senior management and the firmwide risk control function," Dimon will say. In reaction to the loss, Ina Drew, the unit's former head resigned and JPMorgan installed Matt Zames to head the CIO. The bank has also installed a new chief risk officer and CFO for the unit, among a string of personnel changes.
"This portfolio morphed into something that, rather than protect the Firm, created new and potentially larger risks. As a result, we have let a lot of people down, and we are sorry for it," Dimon will testify.
Still, Dimon will make the point that JPMorgan's earnings and capital will remain at the top of the sector. "While there are still two weeks left in our second quarter, we expect our quarter to be solidly profitable," Dimon will testify, while highlighting the banks $30 billion in loss reserves and Basel I Tier 1 common ratio of 10.4%. He will also make the point that the CIO's loss did not put taxpayers, clients or customers at risk of loss, although shareholders have suffered.